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Risks to Species
H = Human
A = Other Mammals
B = Bees
C = Worms
D = Birds
E = Fish
G = Other Aquatic Organisms
F = Frogs
M = Mobile in soil
P = Persistent
S = Carcinogen, Endocrine Disruptor or Genotoxic
Z = Poison S7
W = Biological control
– = No information available for identified ingredients
O = No assessible ingredients listed
Y = Better Choices: WiseGardening options
! = Discontinued product
? = Under further investigation
Solid symbols = high risk
Open symbols = moderate risk
No symbol = no or low risk
WiseGardening gives star ratings to garden chemical products on a scale of 0 to 6 Stars where 6 stars are given to those with lowest risks. Ratings are based on their risks to human health, bees, birds, frogs, pets, earthworms, fish, other aquatic species, soil mobility and persistence.
Data on products and ingredients used to create WiseGardening are the scientifically estimated and publicly reported risks to the health of humans and a range of other living organisms. Also included are risks from important chemical properties. For details of how ratings are derived see Our Assessment and Rating Process
Remember: these risks are very important if products are used unwisely. Always use products strictly according to manufacturers’ instructions on labels and associated documentation.
WiseGardening is sortable using the Search and Filter boxes. The Search function can show information not visible on this page e.g. particular susceptible pests. For some searches a full word such as “fungus” may not find many choices, but the beginning “fung” will show more because many entries might be for “fungicide”. Therefore, for some searches fewer letters may be more effective.
Note that the ingredient risks are based on pure ingredients so the risks are independent of the amount of ingredient in the product.
Some products with high star ratings still show some ingredient risks or other undesirable product characteristics. These products have received a high star rating because aspects of product packaging or being pre-mixed (i.e. not requiring dilution before use, or having robust packaging) reduce the likelihood of spills which could be harmful.
There are a few products which have ingredient risks about which there is conflicting international opinion. Examples are those containing glyphosate, chlorpyrifos or dicamba. Because we have only used data which is scientifically widely agreed on, these products may have achieved a higher star rating than some people might expect, especially if their containers and mode of delivery render the likelihood of inadvertent exposure unlikely.